An indicator is something the patient feels and explains while a clue is something that others like doctor or friends see in the patient. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.
Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. Although the user may not know that there is a potential to get hurt, they will keep taking it, even though it can cause harm.
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:
The individual takes the substance and can't stop - as a rule, for example, nicotine, liquor or drug dependence, at least one genuine endeavour was made to surrender, however unsuccessfully.
Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Other signs are an uncontrollable need to take the drug, short temper, irritability, short temper, loss of concentration, hopelessness, lack of purpose, annoyance, rage, offense, and animosity.
A sudden increase in appetite might happen. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
Public and leisure forfeiture - Some people abandon their lifestyles to pursue drugs. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
Maintaining a good supply - even when there is no money, addicts will always ensure that they have enough quantity of the substance they are addicted to. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
Obsession - figuring out the best way to access their substance and how to use it may occupy a greater part of their time and energy
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Denial - majority of the present day addicts do not accept that they have a problem. Either they do not realise or outright deny they have a problem.
Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The individual may swallow drinks down with a specific end goal to get plastered and after that vibe great.
Having issues with the law - this is progressively a normal for some drug and liquor addictions (not nicotine, for instance). The fact that this alters their judgment and makes them to choose things they would rather not choose in times of sobriety or the urge to access such substances may be the cause of this.
Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
Relationship troubles - drug and alcohol addictions can cause a lot of relationship problems.
Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.