That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. The harmful habits of people suffering from drug addiction come as a result of these changes inside the brain. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
The road to substance dependency starts with voluntarily using substances. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. The need to obtain and consume the drug becomes a driving force. This is generally because of the impacts of long haul drug exposure on brain work. The parts of the brain that control reward and motivation, learning and memory, and self control are all significantly affected by addiction.
The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
There is, but it is a long journey. Drug dependency is a long-time illness from which it is not possible to quit at will and remain clean. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
Enslavement treatment must help the individual to the accompanying:
stop using the substances
be profitable in the family, at work and in the public arena
Principles Of Effective Treatment
Ongoing scientific research since the 1970s has shown that the following basic principles should be the basis of any effective course of treatment:
Dependence is a complex yet treatable sickness that influences brain capacity and behaviour.
No cure-all treatment plan fits everybody.
Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
The prevalently applied types of treatment include counselling and some other therapies that centre on behaviours.
When medications are administered in conjunction with behavioural therapies, they form a valuable part of the treatment.
As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
Mental illnesses associated with drug dependency need to be treated too.
Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
When in treatment, possible drug use must be constantly monitored.
People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Rewarding treatment has a few stages:
detoxification (the process through which drug is expelled from the body)
Therapy or counselling
treatment (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
Diagnosis and management mental illness associated with drug addiction such as hopelessness and nervousness
long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Often, community or family based recovery groups or support systems are used as part of follow up care.
How Are Medications Used In Drug Addiction Treatment?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
Withdrawal During a detox, medication can assist in suppressing withdrawal symptoms. Detoxing from the drug is not the only necessary treatment, merely the first step in the process. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. According to a study, 80% of detoxifications used medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Relapse Prevention A patient can make use of medication to assist in re-establishing normal brain function and reducing cravings. Medications are accessible for management of opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers), tobacco (nicotine), and alcohol dependence. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. Treatment for every substance they have ever abused will be necessary for those that use multiple drugs.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Psychotherapy assists addicts to:
Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
Upturn healthy life abilities
continue receiving medication and other types of treatment
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
Outpatient behavioural treatment incorporates a wide assortment of projects for patients who visit a behavioural health counsellor on a fixed schedule. The greater parts of the projects include individual or group drug advising, or both.
These projects normally offer types of behavioural treatment, for example,
Cognitive behavioural therapy used to help the patient identify trigger circumstances where they are most vulnerable to taking the drugs and how to avoid them and move on to overcome the addiction
multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
Motivational incentives, which uses positive reinforcement to encourage continued abstinence
Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
Benefits of taking an inpatient treatment programme:
Therapeutic communities where patients are domiciled in a residence mostly for 6 to 12 months, undergoing programs that are streamlined. The behaviours, understanding and attitude of the addict towards drugs is affected by the whole community, which involves the staff that offer the treatment and those recovering from addiction, as they take up the role of change agents.
Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
Recovery housing that offers supervised, short-term accommodation for a patient, frequently after other kinds of inpatient/residential treatment. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Problems Of Re-Admission
Because drug abuse changes the way the brain functions, a lot of things can trigger drug cravings. It is key for patients in treatment, particularly those treated at prison or inpatient facilities, to learn how to identify, steer clear of, and deal with triggers that they are most likely to experience after treatment.